pKa of fentanyl varies with temperature: implications for acid-base management during extremes of body temperature.


OBJECTIVE The pKa of fentanyl has not been measured previously at varying extremes of body temperature. The goal of this laboratory investigation was to test the hypothesis that the pKa of fentanyl changes with temperature. DESIGN The investigation involved measuring the pKa values of aqueous fentanyl at varying temperatures. SETTING The investigation was conducted in a controlled laboratory environment. PARTICIPANTS No human or animal subjects were involved. INTERVENTIONS Because no live subjects were involved in the investigation, no interventions were necessary. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS This paper reports the effect of temperature on the pKa of fentanyl. The pKa of aqueous fentanyl was measured at 15 degrees C, 25 degrees C, 37 degrees C, 42 degrees C, and 47.5 degrees C by potentiometric titration in 0.01 mmol/L of potassium chloride after extensive degassing. Data were analyzed using the least squares method with an appropriately fitting equation. The pKa of fentanyl was found to change in a similar manner to the neutral point of water at varying temperatures. CONCLUSIONS This finding has implications for the bioavailability of fentanyl at extremes of body temperature in association with the clinical acid-base management of the patient. Clinical implications for differing methods of intraoperative acid-base management at varying temperatures are discussed.


    0 Figures and Tables

      Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)